Indonesian Robusta Coffee
Indonesia is indeed famous for its many varieties of coffee, ranging from Arabica coffee, robusta coffee, gayo coffee, civet coffee, and so on. Among most coffees circulating in Indonesia, robusta coffee ranks the highest in terms of the quantity of coffee produced in Indonesia. Reporting from merdeka.com, the Director of Processing and Marketing of Plantation Products at the Ministry of Agriculture, Dedi Junaedi, noted that Indonesia’s coffee production in 2020 reached 753,491 tons from an area of 1.2 million hectares of land. The productivity figure reaches 806 kg/ha. Meanwhile in 2019, the production rate remains 752,511 tons with an area of 1,245,358 ha and a productivity of 803 kg/ha. Coffee production in Indonesia consists of 72 percent robusta, 27 percent Arabica and 1 percent liberica.
Indonesian coffee is not only enjoyed by the people of Indonesia, but the world community is also a connoisseur of the delicious Indonesian coffee. In 2020 Indonesia exports coffee reaching 379,354 tons so that Indonesia is the third supplier of world coffee to date because there is no doubt that Indonesian coffee is delicious.
Robusta coffee has the Latin name Coffea Canephora, this type of coffee was first discovered in the Congo, Belgium on the plains of Africa in 1898. In ancient times the world famous coffee was Arabica coffee, until now Arabica coffee is ranked first which is very liked by the world community . However, because the production of Arabica coffee is quite limited, it is easily attacked by plant pests, so many coffee lovers turn to Robusta coffee. It can indeed bear a lot of fruit, it is not affected by the season so this coffee always bears fruit.
Robsuta coffee is also very resistant to pest attacks, although there are also some hams that damage this coffee, but not so badly compared to other coffees, so that Robusta coffee has a stronger taste than other coffees and based on several studies it is said that Robusta coffee has more resistance. better than other coffees. It is not wrong that many coffee connoisseurs now consume robusta coffee and combine it with milk and other drinks, even for food, robusta coffee is one of the flavorings for these foods.
History of Indonesian Robusta Coffee
From several sources it is stated that Robusta coffee in Indonesia was originally brought by the Dutch in 1907 to be cultivated. Robusta coffee was cultivated to replace Arabica coffee which was quite difficult to obtain at that time because many Arabica coffees died due to pests and plant diseases. Therefore, robusta coffee is known for its high resistance, so to meet the coffee needs of the community, robusta coffee is cultivated in the territory of Indonesia.
Several years during the cultivation of robusta coffee, it can be proven that this robusta coffee is resistant to pests and diseases so that it is able to grow and survive behind the many plant diseases at that time. In addition, robusta coffee also has advantages in terms of cultivation, namely this coffee can grow in the lowlands below 500 meters above sea level and robusta coffee is also able to grow at warm temperatures and is known to be easy to maintain. Therefore, until now robusta coffee is the most widely cultivated coffee in Indonesia, even for Indonesia itself 80 percent of coffee plantations are filled with robusta coffee. So it is not surprising that Indonesia is one of the largest coffee contributors in the world.
West Sumatra Coffee
Sumatra is indeed quite a contributor to the quantity of robusta coffee in Indonesia. For the Sumatran region itself, not only Robsuta coffee is cultivated, even Arabica and Gayo coffee are also cultivated in Sumatra, as well as in West Sumatra. Coffee lovers in West Sumatra itself have also experienced an increase, the number of coffee shops that are currently standing in West Sumatra has succeeded in attracting the hearts of coffee lovers to just hang out and tell stories there. However, West Sumatran coffee is not only enjoyed by the residents themselves, this West Sumatran Robsuta coffee is also spread throughout Indonesia and has even been exported to meet the coffee needs of the world community, even today there are still many market demands that cannot be met by West Sumatran coffee farmers because of their demand which is so high, but West Sumatra will still strive to be providing the best coffee for every coffee lover in the world.